D.I.S.C. Behavioural Profile and Teambuilding
BRIEF HISTORY OF
the ages, Man has been trying to explain the behaviour of their
counterparts. Back in 444 B.C., the Empodocles believed that people
would behave in a certain way when they got into contact with
different elements like Earth, Air, Fire or Water. The Hippocrates,
however, believed that it is the type of fluids that flowed in
a person which determines how he/she will behave - cold or warm,
fast or slow moving fluids - giving rise to Choleric, Sanguine,
Phlegmatic and Melancholic types of personality. In 1921 Carl
Gustav Jung introduced four different types of psychological types
of personality: Thinking, Feeling, Sensation and Intuition that
affects a person’s behaviour. Finally in 1926, William M.
Marston invented the Dominance, Influence, Steadiness and Compliance
(D.I.S.C.) personality system, which has benefited many organisations
in better understanding their most valuable asset – their
organisations have came to realise the importance of understanding
disc and have included it in their training or teambuilding sessions
as in other parts of the world, there are many different personality
systems that can be used to explain the behaviours, so why D.I.S.C.?
Firstly, D.I.S.C. is straightforward, and its simplicity renders
it easy to understand and to apply. Secondly, with its longstanding
track record, D.I.S.C. has been tested and proven to work. Thirdly,
and most importantly, the premise of D.I.S.C. is that behaviours
can be altered and this encourages people to learn to modify their
behaviours after understanding their strengths and weaknesses,
in order to leverage on their strengths and minimise their weaknesses.
DISC and Teambuilding
been applied by corporations world wide in teambuildng exercises.
it is an excellent tool for recruitment, addressing team dynamics,
motivation and communication.
the different types of personality identified by Dr. Marston are:
Dominance – people who are results oriented, direct and
Influence – people who are interactive, influencing and
Steadiness – people who are stable, steady and secure
Compliance – people who are compliant, correct and controlled
personality styles can and has helped many organisations, both
large and small, in many areas, other than in teambuilding:
Finding the Right
system has helped many companies to place the right type of people
at the right job. For example, you may not want someone who is
of the “D” personality type (who tend to be very direct
and task oriented, and may be impatient) to be your customer service
officer. “I” and “S” type people who are
more people-oriented may be more suited for this position.
Building a Team
an effective team, it is usually good to have people of different
personality types to work together, so that the team dynamics
would be more all-rounded. The “D”s will direct the
actions, the “I”s will motivate the team-mates, the
“S”s will ensure that the targets are realistic and
the “C”s will look at proper documentation and compliance
to policies and regulations. during teambuilding sessions, disc
can be used to help a team understand each team members' strengths
and weaknesses, and for effective delegation of duties.
Motivating a team
banana to entice a cat to come out from the closet will likely
yield little result. Similarly, understanding what motivates different
people can help organisations motivate their staff with other
than just monetary rewards. Type “D” people look for
positions of authority, “I”s tend to appreciate public
approval and praises, “S”s greatly treasure family
and relationships, they will do almost anything if they know that
you care about them. The “C”s, on the other hand,
need to be complimented on their almost perfect work.
sessions are used by many corporatoins to motivate and/or reward
their staff. Teambuidling offsites, especially, shows that the
company appreciates the efforts of their staff and makes an effort
to reward their staff on top of the monetary rewards that are
given. In singapore, at a time like this, where unemployment rate
is as low as 2.5%(1st Qtr 2006), there is always a better paying
job else where, non-monetary incentives plays a big part in employee
disc training as a teambuilding activity enhances the training
element in the teambuilding session. DISC will help staff to understand
not just their own sources of motivation but also the way different
people can be motivate above and beyond monetary means.
communication, we do not just need to give clear instructions.
We also have to understand what people selectively listen to.
Dominant people go straight to the point, and may not require
many details to carry out a request. Influence type people will
take the chance to talk to you about work, colleagues, family,
hobbies, and the day’s news and may forget about why he/she
was asked to do the task, if they still remember to do it. “S”
types need to have specific instructions with clear areas of responsibilities
to get into action and “C” types need to know exactly
why certain things have to be done and how it will affect the
third and fourth generation.
forms an integral part of almost every teambuilding session that
how another colleague thinks and works can help to resolve conflicts
and prevent misunderstandings. A “D” person may never
know that he is driving his subordinates too hard, an “I”
person may not know that he is driving his “C” colleague
crazy by passing her stacks of messy scribbles to be entered into
the computer system.
understanding of disc, participants will become aware that it
is neccessary to understand what matters most to different people
and we need to respect these needs as people are indeed different
and these differences are what makes a team dynamic and able to
respond to different situations in different ways. this helps
to achieve the objective of teambuilding.
instruments are useful for greater understanding of oneself and
other around, there are a few things we must bear in mind with
regards to such profiles.
no one or set of personality types is superior to the others.
It’s all about placing the right people in the right environments.
personalities do evolve with time and environment or a conscious
decision to change. Any profiling system can only serve as a guide
to predict a person’s behaviour. We all possess the God-given
ability to choose how we want to react in any given circumstance.
A change in personality can take place in as little as 3 weeks!
We can also manage our behaviour by teaming up with the right
people, and by adjusting our behaviour to suit the people we are
most profiling instruments available in the market are based on
self-assessment, i.e. getting the subject to fill up a self-perception
questionnaire, therefore, the instruments delivered in this way
measure the self-perception of the subject, and there is a possibility
for the participant to answer the questionnaire according to the
personality that he/she wishes to exhibit.
profiling instruments in the market, which are not delivered by
trained psychologists and doctors, are intended for people under
normal circumstances. To measure behaviour of people under special
or extreme circumstances, we may need to seek professional help
from psychologists or doctors.
other articles on teambuilding:
and team bonding
approach to teambuilding activities
intellengence and teambuilding
teambuilding activities always involve games